The stations were their only large-scale collaborations and were designed almost at once for effectively the same client.
It appears heroically intact in ruin photos.
In 1910, three years before the Stations opening, the Railroad had proposed that the city buy some adjacent property and improve it for park purposes so simple gifts shaker chants and spirituals that persons entering the city may at once have a favorable impression of Detroit.Make big plans; aim high in hope and work, remembering that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will never die.A few years after the books publication, its authors and editor would turn their attention to Michigan Central Station. The building summons the bitterest remarks on Penn Stations demise, from Ada Louise Huxtables we want and deserve tin-can architecture in a tin-horn culture, to Vincent Scullys, one entered the city like a god; one scuttles in now like a rat.Michigan Centrals waiting room is over four-fifths the length and width of Grand Centrals main concourse, and a bit less than half its height.They once held double walls of windows operable from catwalks in the space between them, like those at Grand Central.Whether youre planning a full-day shopping trip or just need to pick up a few things before your train, with 65 shops, Grand Central is the perfect place to check off everything on your list.Even form-follows-function Louis Sullivan wrote that the architect must heed the imperative voice of emotion, as he did by emphasizing his skyscrapers loftiness and sometimes body-tattooing them with ornament.Implementing the Beaux-Art principle of outwardly expressed building organization, these portal trios would invariably indicate a grand interior space beyond, as they do at Grand Central Terminal and Michigan Central Station.
Its modest size and small-town setting speak of Sullivans marginalization.
The greatest challenge to the American preservation movement occurred in 1967-69, when Grand Centrals cash-strapped owner, the newly consolidated Penn Central Railroad, proposed a succession of office tower additions designed by the architect Marcel Breuer.
The decision to treat this side as the rear façade may have been driven by the complicating viaduct, seen at right, and elevated roadway diverting Park Avenue around the Terminal, conceived by Wilgus.
Whitney Warren defended their applicability to the New World: Architecture is always an evolution.
Warrens reference to other cities applies his portal reasoning to Detroit and the heroic arches of his design for Michigan Central.They were forced together by the New York Central Railroad, owner of the Michigan Central Railroad, in a shotgun-marriage of a partnership called the Associated Architects of Grand Central Terminal, the name by which they also designed Michigan Central.Burnhams White City gave impetus not only to Beaux-Arts architecture but ushered in the City Beautiful movement of the 1890s and early Twentieth Century, with its goal of improving the unwashed masses then swelling American cities.Plan of Chicago had a major influence on the new field of city planning.Their grandfather had been a Michigan senator, their father a mayor of Detroit.While racq fuel discount service stations the school promoted rational analysis and planning which would pave the way for modernism, its adherence to classical forms and compositional rules can appear cult-like or even superstitious from a modern perspective.Where function does not change, form does not change.In Detroit, the Railroad lacked the luxury of a large swath of already-owned land.Both towers were clad in brick above high stone bases which projected forward to relate to their neighboring stone-clad stations.The next year, the City Plan and Improvement Commission announced Detroits intention to acquire the land in front of the station to create a suitable approach.Whitney Warrens fingerprints are on the coffered archways of both Grand Centrals main concourse and Michigan Centrals waiting room.
On the opposite side of the Court of Honor in Reed Stems winning competition entry, Grand Centrals south face would have been weakly expressed by a flush colonnade and subsumed into the office tower above.